Sakshi Pawar (Co-founder and Managing Editor at KhelAdhikar) “The time will come when men such as I, will look upon the murder of animals as they now look upon the murder of men.” – Leonardo Da Vinci In the previous post it was explained why despite several state enactments, bull racing events were unconstitutional and illegal in India. This article by Sakshi Pawar (Part II of the series discussing a ban on all animal sports) touches upon bull racing/bullfighting events that occur all around the world, especially in Spain and Brazil. The reasons for choosing Spain and Brazil as comparative case studies is that both situations involve a conflict between culture and prevention of animal cruelty as well as the question of state autonomy clashing with the central legislature. These aspects are similar to the questions of legality raised regarding bull racing in India (AWBI v. A Nagaraja case).
By Sakshi Pawar (Co-Founder and Managing Editor at KhelAdhikar) “The question is not, Can they reason?, nor Can they talk? but, Can they suffer? Why should the law refuse its protection to any sensitive being?” – Bentham In 2014, the Supreme Court of India delivered the judgement of AWBI v A. Nagaraja which banned all bullock races in India on account of cruelty towards animals. The judgment left no stone unturned to ensure “Species Best Interest” and laid down the very fundamentals of animal rights jurisprudence in India. Despite its ironclad judgment which struck down all legislation permitting bullock races, states such as Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka have enacted unconstitutional laws in an attempt to continue this traditional sport. This article by Sakshi Pawar which analyses the illegality of these races (the judgement and their subsequent questionable legalisation), is one in a three-part series which advocates the banning of cruelty in animal sports all across the world.
The beautiful thing about poker is that everybody thinks they can play.- Chris Moneymaker The legalization of poker has been a contentious for quite some time now. For the past few months, Gujarat High Court is deliberating upon its legality in its territorial extent. The Gujarat High Court decision scheduled on 23 November 2017, will certainly have nationwide repercussions. While we speculate about the final decision, betting and gambling law enthusiast, Sakshi Pawar’s article provides a comprehensive guidance on this topic.